Regional status report on drowning in South-East Asia [Latest] : Drowning is “the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/ immersion in liquid”.[WHO] Drowning can either be fatal or non-fatal. Non-fatal drowning events can cause severe brain damage that may result in long-term disabilities such as memory problems, learning disabilities and permanent loss of basic functioning
Drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in the WHO South-East Asia Region. In 2019 more than 70 000 deaths were attributed to drowning,1 however this is likely to be an under-estimation of the true burden. Current global estimates for drowning do not include deaths from climate-related extreme weather events or disasters, which could increase the burden by as much as 50% in countries where extreme weather events and incidents are common,2 including in the Region.
[Regional status report on drowning in South-East Asia [Latest]]
In 2019, drowning was responsible for 70 034 deaths in the South-East Asia Region. This is the second highest number of deaths from across all regions of the World Health Organization (WHO). Over 33% of these deaths occurred among children under the age of 15 years.
Since the launch of the WHO’s Global Report on Drowning: Preventing a leading killer in 2014, and the follow-up resource Preventing Drowning: an implementation guide in 2017, WHO has been working to scale up advocacy and action for drowning prevention in the South-East Asia Region.
This report presents the findings of the first assessment of drowning prevention in the South-East Asia Region. Ten countries have taken part, shared their knowledge and experience, and taken their first collective step towards addressing drowning in this Region.
Drowning can be prevented through the implementation of evidence-based, cost-effective approaches. The WHO Global Report on Drowning (2014) outlines four strategies and six interventions for drowning prevention. Strategies focus on developing strong national mechanisms to ensure a coordinated and effective approach to addressing drowning, while interventions promote community action. A comprehensive response to drowning requires a multisectoral approach that champions health beyond the health sector and draws on the knowledge, reach and capacity of other agencies and organizations. Effective strategies and interventions must respond to local needs, consider available resources and build on progress already made. Drowning prevention efforts must be underpinned by a gender, equity and human rights lens, to ensure no one is left behind. It is critical that drowning prevention programmes and interventions do not increase health inequities.
This is a property of WHO which can be found on public domain www.who.int
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