Cholera Outbreak Response Immunization Strategic Guideline | EDCD 2021 : EDCD has endorsed Cholera Outbreak Response Immunization Strategic Guideline.Cholera is endemic in Nepal, with a model-estimated 30,000 cases and 911 deaths per year during the monsoon months of May through September. Although the disease occurs nearly every year in the Kathmandu Valley and is detected sporadically in other parts of the country, exactly where it will occur is unpredictable.Cholera, caused by ingestion of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, presents clinically as the rapid onset of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) and vomiting. Without treatment, the disease can progress rapidly and lead to death from severe dehydration in as little as 4 hours from the onset of symptoms
Provision of Shanchol Vaccine
Shanchol Oral Vaccine is an inactivated vaccine (made from a dead bacteria). It helps develop immunity by forming antibodies, which are proteins that protect against infection caused by cholera bacteria. Shanchol (Cholera Vaccine ) is a killed , bivalent (01 and 0139) , whole cell , oral vaccine against cholera. The vaccine is a suspension and is meant for oral administration and is stored as 1.5 ml in USP type 1 glass vial.
It is stored in temp between +2 °C to +8 °C and administered via oral route of administration.
Shanchol Oral Vaccine helps prevent cholera. It can be given to anyone above the age of 1 year orally. Two doses are given at an interval of at least two weeks. The protective effect begins within 7-10 days of completion of the vaccination schedule.
Cholera vaccine is usually given orally (by mouth) as a single dose. This vaccine is a powder that is mixed with water before you take it. You will receive this mixture in a clinic or other healthcare setting. This vaccine should be taken on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 1 hour after eating.The most common side effects include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, itching, rashes, nausea, weakness, cough, vertigo, and dryness in the mouth. They do not normally last very long. Sitting or lying down can sometimes help. Consult your doctor if any of the side effects persist
Derived from 1mg.com
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