Climate Change is a serious problem emerging at global level. Poor and developing countries are affected more by it compared to rich and developed ones. Despite its negligible contribution to total global emissions of greenhouse gases, Nepal is one of the countries that has high risks of adverse effects of climate change. Topographical diversity, fragile geological structure, sensitive ecosystems and diversity of climate and micro-climate zones are the main reasons for it. In addition to these, poverty, illiteracy, social disparity as well as high dependence of community on natural resources for livelihood have made Nepal more sensitive towards the impacts of climate change. Rapid increase in atmospheric temperature for the past few decades and climate-induced disasters like less precipitation, heavy precipitation and drought triggered by it have been causing adverse impacts on Nepal’s Himalayan ranges and glaciers, and ecosystems dependent on them. Increased melting of snow has swollen the glacial lakes and put them at risk of outburst. The negative effects of climate change have been directly experienced in forest and biodiversity, energy, human health, tourism, habitation. infrastructure development as well as in the areas of livelihood. – National Climate Change Policy 2076(2019)
Goal of National Climate Change Policy 2076(2019)
To contribute to socio-economic prosperity of the nation by building aclimate resilient society.
Objectives of National Climate Change Policy 2076(2019)
(a) To enhance climate change adaptation capacity of persons, families, groups and communities vulnerable to, and at risk of, climate change;
(b) To build resilience of ecosystems that are at risk of adverse impacts of climate change;
(c) To promote green economy by adopting the concept of low carbon emission development;
(d) To mobilize national and international financial resources for climate change mitigation and adaptation in just manner;
(e) To conduct research, make effective technology development and information service delivery related to climate change;
(f) To mainstream or integrate climate change issues into policies,strategies, plans and programs at all levels of State and sectoral areas;
(g) To mainstream gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) into climate change mitigation and adaptation programs.
Hey there, I am Nirdesh Baral, founder of Nepal Health Magazine. I am a Tech geek by passion , Public health practitioner by profession and an Ailurophile by heart and a patriot by birth