What is HDI ? | Nepal Human Development Report 2020 |UNDP
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.
The human development approach has inspired a revolution in development thinking and practice, shifting discourse from strictly material progress to a broader notion of human well-being. Above all, human development aims for people to have a happy life built on three dimensions, health, knowledge and a decent standard of living. This depends on enhancing people’s capabilities, ensuring they find opportunities to use them, and expanding substantive freedoms to live in ways they value.
Human development has an evaluative aspect and an agency aspect. The evaluative aspect is concerned with appraising improvements in human lives as an explicit development objective, and using human achievements as key indicators of progress. The agency aspect is concerned with what human beings can do to achieve such improvements, particularly through policy, structural and institutional reforms and changes, and amid shifting political, social and economic conditions.
Human Development Index
Overall HDI of the country is 0.587 while Province 2 being least i.e 0.51and Bagmati Province Highest i.e 0.661.Among the ecological regions, areas deined as the hills continue to surpass mountain areas and the Tarai, a patten similar to findings.
The Inequality-adjusted HDI
Gender Development Index
Gender Inequality Index
Conclusion for Nepal Human Development Report 2020 |UNDP
Nepal has made steady progress on most updated indices of human development at the national level. Its HDI value has improved gradually since 1990, putting the country in the middle human development category in 2016. Although Nepal is till behind most South Asian countries overall, and just ahead of Afghanistan and Pakistan, it outperforms
most South Asian countries on composite inequality indices such as the GDI, GII and IHDI.
Nepal has made impressive progress in reducing multidimensional headcount poverty at the national level by more than half between 2006 and 2014.While this report has unveiled, for the first time, human development at the provincial levels using updated composite measures of human development, the lack of dis aggregated data did not permit an assessment of
the relative position of various socioeconomic groups and administrative units within each province. Overall human evelopment indices at the province level do, however, indicate that gaps across provinces are large. Significant policy challenges lie ahead to narrow these disparities at a faster pace
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