Mental Health is a state of well being in which an individual realizes his/her own potential, can cope with the problems of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to their community . It refers to cognitive, behavioral and emotional well-being. It is important at every stage of life as it helps to determine how people handle the situation relate to other and make choice.
Why Mental Health is important?
It is important because it allows people to self-realize their potential in performing any task. It helps them to cope with the various problems of their life. It guides them to work efficiently and accurately producing a healthy output thus making a significant contribution to the community.
The major problems are:
- Panic attacks
- Eating disorders
- Bipolar disorders
- Obsessive compulsive disorders
- Personality disorders
- Ideation and attempts to suicide
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Risk factors are
✓ Academic failure
✓ Low social class
✓ Attention deficit
✓ Chronic insomnia
✓ Stressful life
✓ Poor work skills
✓ Socio economic conditions
Early Warning Signs of the problems
Having one or more than than one behavior which are listed below can be the early warning signs of the problems.
√ Over appetite or less appetite
√ Sleeping too much or little
√ Moving away from people and crowd
√ Feeling numb as nothing matters
√ Low or no energy
√ Mood Swings
√ Feeling helpless/ hopeless
√ Arguing or fighting for no reason
√ Sticked things on mind which you can’t get rid off
√ Hearing voices that are not in actual
Physical Signs and Symptoms
- Fatigue and restlessness
- Chest and back pain
- Digestive problem
- Headache and dizziness
- Weight loss or gain
- Increased heart beat rate
Psychological Signs and Symptoms
- Feeling low and sad
- Aroused fear and worry
- Detachment from reality
- Sex drive changes
- Increased hostility
- Alcohol or drug abuse
Myth Vs. Fact Mental health
Myth 1: Mental Health Problems are rare.
Fact 1: Mental Health Problems are actually very common
Myth 2: Children don’t experience Mental Health Problems.
Fact 2: Even very young children may show early warning signs of the problems.
Myth 3: People with Mental Health Problems are violent and unpredictable.
Fact 3: The vast majority of people with Mental Health Problems are no more likely to be violent than others.
Myth 4: There is no hope for people with Mental Health Problems.
Fact 4: Study shows that people with Mental Health Problems get better and recover it treated.
Myth 5: I can’t do anything to support someone with a Mental Health Problem.
Fact 5: There are a lot of things you can do to make a difference in their life. Friends and loved one can make a big difference.
Myth 6: People with Mental Health Problems aren’t able to work.
Fact 6: People with Mental Health Problems can have a successful job.
Myth 7: Therapy and self-care are a waste of time when you can take a pill.
Fact 7: Treatment includes therapy, medication or sometimes both.
Myth 8: Young people just go through ups and downs as a part of puberty it’s just nothing.
Fact 8: One in eight young people will experience the problem.
Ways to maintain positive
√ Stay connected to people.
√ Stay optimistic
√ Get physically fit and active
√ Have sound and enough sleep
√ Develop problem coping ability
√ Take breaks from work if needed
√ Get professional help if needed
Treatment of the problems
Mental Health Problems are treatable and a lot of people have recovered well to live a happy life again. The types of treatment are:
1) Psychological Therapy – Many types of psychotherapy such as supportive therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy , individual couple and group therapy.
2) Medicine: Most prescribed medications are anti-depressants, anti-psychotic, mood stabilizer drugs.
3) Complementary Therapy: Relaxation, yoga, exercise and meditation can be useful.
4) Lifestyle Changes: Having balanced diet with Avoidance of alcohol and drugs
There is no health without mental health. Hence it’s crucial to maintain and improve it by following the measures required.